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Potential inhibitory effect of highland barley protein hydrolysates on the formation of advanced glycation end-products.

PMID: 

Int J Biol Macromol. 2024 Apr 20 ;268(Pt 2):131632. Epub 2024 Apr 20. PMID: 38643911

Abstract Title: 

Potential inhibitory effect of highland barley protein hydrolysates on the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs): A mechanism study.

Abstract: 

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) can be caused during a glycoxidation reaction. This reaction is associated with complications of diabetes and the consequences of health problems. Therefore, we are exploring the prohibitory effect of highland barley protein hydrolysates (HBPHs) on AGE formation. Herein, first extracted the protein from highland barley with various pH conditions and then hydrolyzed using four different proteolytic enzymes (flavourzyme, trypsin, papain, pepsin) under different degrees of hydrolysis. We assessed three degrees of hydrolysates (lowest, middle, highest) of enzymes used to characterize the antioxidant activity and physicochemical properties. Among all the hydrolysates, flavourzyme-treated hydrolysates F-1, F-2, and F-3 indicated the high ability to scavenge DPPH (IC50 values of 0.97 %, 0.63 %, and 0.90 %), structural and functional properties. Finally, the inhibitory effect of the most active hydrolysates F-1, F-2, and F-3 against the AGEs formation was evaluated in multiple glucose-glycated bovine serum albumin (BSA) systems. Additionally, in a BSA system, F-3 exhibited the strong antiglycation activity, effectively suppressed the non-fluorescent AGE (CML), and the fructosamine level. Moreover, it decreased carbonyl compounds while also preventing the loss of thiol groups. Our results would be beneficial in the application of the food industry as a potential antiglycation agent for several chronic diseases.

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